Institution management can arrange video visits for PICs’ relatives and friends who have difficulties in coming to institutions for visit due to age, pregnancy, disabilities or other special reasons. PICs may apply for video visits, and the management of the respective institution will carefully consider each application. Eligible PICs can receive video visit with no more than three visitors at one time. Each visit will last not more than 20 minutes. Upon approval, the visitors can conduct the video visit at multi-purpose family and rehabilitation service centre at various districts or Urine Specimen Collection Centre of Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre.
(Please refer to the CSD website for the address of multi-purpose family and rehabilitation service centre at various districts)
The law stipulates that convicted PICs may receive 2 social visits from their relatives and friends each month, with each visit limited to 30 minutes and not more than 3 persons, including infants and children. For remand PICs, they may receive 1 social visit from their relatives and friends each day, with each visit limited to 15 minutes and not more than 2 persons, including infants and children.
To facilitate the rehabilitation of young PICs and enhance their relationship with family members, CSD allows them to receive 2 extra visits without prior application. If adult PICs want to receive extra visits, they may make application to the institution management. Institution management will generally approve the applications of adult PICs for 2 extra visits with their immediate family members.
On admission, all PICs are required to declare the name and relationship of their visitors. During their custody, they may add new visitors to or delete existing visitors from the list subject to approval by the institution management.
CSD provides all PICs with plain and wholesome food. All the dietary scales are designed by accredited dietitians with nutritional contents approved by the Department of Health and with reference to relevant standards of Department of Health and World Health Organisation . Having regard to the health, dietary and religious needs of PICs, CSD currently provides 4 main dietary scales, namely local staple rice diet (Dietary Scale 1), diet of curries and chapatti (Dietary Scale 2), diet of bread and potatoes (Dietary Scale 3) and vegetarian diet (Dietary Scale 4). Moreover, PICs may be provided with other supplementary diets derived from the four major dietary scales to meet their specific needs. For remand PICs, they may also procure or receive food. For private food arrangement, enquiries can be made to the institution Rehabilitation Unit staff. They may also receive snack type food from their visitors upon visit. Please refer to the lists of Approved Hand-in Articles on the CSD website for details.
Relatives and friends can bring approved articles for PICs upon visit, such as paper tissues, lip balms, periodicals, exercise books and ball pens. Please refer to the lists of Approved Hand-in Articles on the CSD website for details. If visitors wish to hand in any approved articles, they have to hand those articles to the staff in the registration office for checking and registration. As a security measure, all similar hand-in items will be pooled together and mixed before random distribution to the PICs concerned.
CSD has an established mechanism to review all of the approved hand-in articles on regular basis and will make appropriate adjustment in light of their availability. For the latest information about the approved hand-in articles, please refer to the CSD website.
PICs are provided with surgical masks and alcohol-based handrub. Relatives and friends can also bring surgical masks, hand wash and disinfectant wet tissues to PICs during visits. Please refer to the CSD’s webpage for the requirements concerning the approved hand-in articles for PICs and their maximum quantities allowed.
If PICs feel unwell, they can notify the staff on duty. Medical consultation will then be arranged at the hospital inside the institution. Every correctional institution has a hospital or sick bay where 24-hour basic medical services are provided by Medical Officers from the Department of Health and correctional officers with nursing qualifications. If PICs need further examination and treatment as advised by the Medical Officers, the institution management will transfer them to public hospitals for follow-up.
Upon entering correctional institutions, PICs will undergo a body check by medical officers (MO). After the assessment, if the MOs opine that prostheses or other medical aids are required, they can continue to wear them. Generally speaking, upon admission to institutions, PICs have to hand over their personal belongings to the institutions for safe custody except medical aids. Approvals for certain articles like compliant spectacles will be granted by correctional institutions on a case-by-case basis.
Every correctional institution has a hospital or sick bay where 24-hour basic medical services are provided by Medical Officers from the Department of Health and correctional officers with nursing qualifications. Medical specialists from the Hospital Authority and DH visit the relevant CSD’s institutions on a regular basis to provide consultation and treatment to PICs, including dental treatments. In general, if PICs have dental problems, the resident Medical Officers will refer them for treatments by Dental Officers, such as dental filling or wearing dentures. In case of serious situation, PICs will be referred to public hospitals for further treatment.
To take care mobility disabled PICs, CSD has put in place various measures to cater for their needs. Apart from pedestal toilets, institution management will also provide suitable ancillary tools like crutches and wheelchairs to PICs when necessary.
CSD strives to provide a secure, safe, humane, decent and healthy custodial environment for PICs, and ensures that appropriate medical services are provided to all PICs in accordance with the Prison Rules (Cap. 234A). Every correctional institution has medical facilities where 24-hour basic medical services are provided by Medical Officers seconded from the Department of Health and correctional officers with nursing qualifications. If necessary, PICs will be referred to public hospitals for further treatment. Moreover, medical specialists from the Hospital Authority (HA) and DH visit correctional institutions on a regular basis to provide consultation and treatment to PICs. Currently, Chinese medicine services are not part of the regular services of HA and DH. Medical Officers of correctional institutions will not refer PICs to receive private medical services, including Chinese medicine services. CSD will keep abreast of the Chinese medicine services development and review the arrangement as appropriate.
Basic medical care services are provided to PICs in correctional institution. Medical Officers seconded from the Department of Health and correctional officers with nursing qualifications will provide appropriate treatments or referrals to all PICs. If PICs require wheelchairs or walking sticks to assist them in their daily lives, the institution management will provide them with suitable ancillary tools in accordance with the recommendations of Medical Officers.
All institutions have been installed with water heaters. Hot water of appropriate temperature will be provided to PICs for shower according to seasonal changes and air temperature. Each PIC is arranged to take shower daily and the shower time depends on the daily schedule of the institution. If PICs need to increase the number of shower for individual reasons, they can apply to the institution management for approval. The institution management will consider each application on an individual case basis. To ensure the safety of PICs and to maintain the discipline of institutions, correctional officers are present when they are taking shower.
To ensure all the clothing of PICs are handled timely and properly, laundry workshops of institutions will wash the clothing of PICs according to the washing schedule fixed by institutions. In accordance with the guideline of the Centre for Health Protection, clothing of patients’ at centre hospital and kitchen PIC must be handled separately from other PICs’ clothing, other PICs’ clothing are washed together and tumble dried on high heat. For hygiene purpose, PICs working in the laundry workshop of each institution are supervised by an instructor. Besides, all the apparatuses and areas for handling dirty clothing must be cleaned with 1 in 99 diluted bleach.
CSD has been paying close attention to PICs’ health and needs. For PICs diagnosed with impairment of intelligence, autism or hyperactivity disorder, resident Medical Officers and Clinical Psychologists will assess their situation and provide appropriate care for them to facilitate their adaptation to custodial lives. Correctional institutions will assign dedicated staff to take care of PICs with special needs. Relevant staff members will regularly interview these PICs to understand the problems or difficulties they encounter in order to offer suitable assistance. In addition, all PICs newly admitted into correctional institutions will be arranged to undergo an induction programme and given a booklet called “Information for Person in Custody” to facilitate their adaptation to custodial lives and enhance their understanding of the system and discipline in correctional institutions. However, If they commit any indiscipline, CSD will lay a disciplinary charge against them impartially after institution Medical Officers certified them medically fit to attend the disciplinary hearings.
Generally speaking, when female PICs are pregnant with 30 weeks’ gestation, they will be arranged to accommodate in centre hospital to ensure that they can receive immediate medical treatment from resident Medical Officers and correctional officers with nursing qualifications if the needs arise. Besides, institution management will arrange pregnant PICs to undergo antenatal checkups in public hospitals on a regular basis. If they have special needs, they can make a request with duty staff who will refer their cases to the centre hospital and make appropriate arrangements according to the recommendations of Medical Officers. For example, if the Medical Officer opines that the pregnant woman needs to take additional nutrients, institution management will provide additional food into her daily diet. According to the law, child of a female PIC may be received into correctional institution with its mother until the female PIC has completed her sentence or such child has attained the age of 3 years, whichever is the earlier. PICs’ children who stay in correctional institution will be provided with milk powder which is of unspecified brands and purchased according to the established procedures of the government. The PIC may also breastfeed their infants. As for diapers, apart from the approved diapers brought to mothers in custody by relatives and friends, they can also accept those sent in by non-governmental organisations.
The vaccination programme for PICs commenced in July 2021. Medical Officers seconded from the Department of Health (DH) and correctional officers with nursing qualifications will arrange for PICs to receive COVID-19 vaccination if they wish to do so. If PICs want to receive vaccination, they can apply with the institution management. They can choose among the types of vaccines provided by DH.
CSD must comply with data protection principles under Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance (Cap 486). For such purpose, CSD can only answer the phone enquiry on the whereabouts of a PIC provided that the enquiring person is the declared visitor and prior consent is obtained from the PIC concerned. For enquiries, please visit our website or contact our hotline at 2511 3511. PICs who want to inform relatives and friends of their admission/transfer/discharge can seek assistance from our staff of Rehabilitation Division.
Currently, smoking at correctional facilities for young PICs are prohibited. For adult PICs, with a view to promoting a no smoking culture, CSD actively supports the Government’s anti-smoking policy and promotes a no smoking culture among persons in custody through various anti-smoking measures including education, propaganda, counseling and smoking cessation courses. Pak Sha Wan Correctional Institution has been assigned as a “No Smoking Correctional Facility” to accommodate adult persons in custody who do not smoke. Besides, CSD has set up “no-smoking zones” in other institutions including Stanley Prison, Lo Wu Correctional Institution and Tung Tau Correctional Institution.
Having regard to different needs of elderly PICs, CSD strategically plans and allocates resources in advance to formulate appropriate rehabilitation programmes for PICs aged 65 or above to assist them in developing positive and healthy lifestyle. CSD implements diversified rehabilitation programmes, covering healthcare services, recreational activities, rehabilitative and institutional facilities tailor-made for elderly PICs. Since 2015, male PICs aged 65 or above conforming the security requirements might be transferred to the “Evergreen Garden” in Tai Lam Correctional Institution. Inside the Evergreen Garden, there are integrated facilities and arrangements specially designed for elderly PICs, including rehabilitation counselling, exercise facilities and vocational training courses such as Foundation Certificate in Horticulture Assistant Training and Cleaning Skill Training to facilitate their reintegration into society after release. Every correctional institution has a hospital or sick bay where 24-hour basic medical services are provided by Medical Officers from Department of Health and correctional officers with nursing qualifications. If PICs need further examination and treatment as advised by the Medical Officers, the institution management will transfer them to public hospitals for follow-up. Apart from basic medical services, CSD will also regularly arrange body check-up and appropriate recreational activities for elderly PICs. Moreover, CSD regularly works with the DH and local universities to organise talks and workshops for staff to enhance their professional knowledge on nursing for the elderly.
For operational needs of institutions, PICs might be arranged to assemble at suitable location for security procedures, such as searching. As security procedures may take time, correctional officers will flexibly handle the waiting arrangement for PICs. There is no requirement for PICs to squat during security check or assembly.
Working dogs of CSD are allotted to designated dog handlers in the Dog Unit, and will work and take leave with respective dog handlers. During festive seasons such as Christmas or Lunar New Year, the Dog Unit will provide extra food, such as canned dog food, to working dogs for celebration. Apart from performing outdoor duties or training, working dogs will go out with dog handlers for a walk every day. If any working dogs fall ill, the Dog Unit will arrange them to receive treatment by Veterinary Officer of the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. Besides, all working dogs have to receive body examination and vaccination on a yearly basis to ensure their body and health condition are fit for work.
To enable the working dogs in the Dog Unit (either reaching the retirement age or having been certified as unfit for work on medical grounds by Veterinary Officer) to spend their remaining days in comfort, the Dog Adoption Programme of CSD provides a channel for members of the public to adopt working dogs. Interested parties can submit their application forms to the Dog Unit of CSD. Arrangements will be made with the applicants to conduct interviews and home visits by the Selection Board of the Programme so as to decide whether the applicants are suitable for adopting working dogs. The application form and notes can be downloaded at our webpage. The retired dogs not being adopted will be kept at Dog Unit where designated dog handlers will be responsible for taking care of them.
Upon admission into correctional institutions, PICs’ personal belongings shall be kept in the custody of respective institutions, including their clothing and valuables. However, items which pose safety and security risks to the institutions will not be kept in the custody of institutions, such as dangerous goods, corrosive goods, perishable goods, tobacco or oversized valuables. If the above items are involved, institution management will require PICs to pass these items to relatives or friends upon visits. All PICs’ personal properties kept in the custody of institutions will be returned to them upon discharge, regardless of duration of imprisonment.
Correctional institutions are places where discipline is highly emphasized; any indiscipline acts by PICs will not be tolerated. Institution staff will manage PICs in accordance with relevant laws. Upon discovery of any indiscipline acts (e.g. fighting or assaulting), staff will place relevant PIC on disciplinary report. Institution management will refer cases of serious nature to other law enforcement agencies for follow-up.
Young PICs are held in custody in various institutions for young PICs under CSD according to the judgement of the court. Institutions for young male PICs include Pik Uk Correctional Institution, Sha Tsui Correctional Institution, etc., while institutions for young female PICs include Lai King Correctional Institution, Chi Lan Rehabilitation Centre, etc. According to the law, CSD has established various correctional programmes in institutions for young PICs, such as Drug Addiction Treatment Centres, Training Centres, Rehabilitation Centres and Detention Centre, to provide appropriate rehabilitation programmes. Given the correctional programmes vary among institutions for young PICs, daily institution routines for respective PICs will differ. Please visit our website for more details of institutions for young PICs under CSD.
In general, the toilets for PICs will not be locked due to security reasons. Both flush toilets and squat toilets are provided for PICs’ use based on their needs.
CSD separates male and female PICs in accordance with Section 8 of the Prisons Ordinance (Cap. 234). In general, CSD arranges PICs of the same gender to be imprisoned together according to their gender on identity documents. As for transgender PICs, CSD arranges medical officers, clinical psychologists or psychiatrists to confirm their physical conditions and sexual orientation and arrange suitable custodial environment for transgender PICs based on their professional advice.
In general, “LDD” refers to the date computed by deducting a PIC’s relevant remand period from the term of imprisonment of PICs sentenced by the court. In most cases, PICs do not have to serve the full sentence of imprisonment before release. According to the law, PICs can be granted remission of sentence on the ground of their industry and good conduct. The remission granted is usually one-third of the term of imprisonment sentenced by the court. “EDD” generally refers to the date computed by the actual duration of custody, in which the term of imprisonment of a PIC sentenced by the court is deducted by the remission of sentence granted and the relevant remand period.
Regular inspections and repairs are necessary for all structures to ensure user safety. In general, maintenance works of complex nature, such as replacement or repairing of pipes and works related to the security system of institutions, will be referred to Architectural Services Department or Electrical and Mechanical Services Department. Some minor maintenance works, such as refurbishment of external walls of dormitories and clearance of blocked sewers, will be carried out by PICs under the supervision of staff. Both outsourced works and works undertaken by PICs will be supervised by staff on the spot to ensure the security and smooth operation of institutions.
According to the laws, all PICs serving sentences of imprisonment for an actual term of more than 1 month may be granted remission on the ground of their industry and good conduct, but the concerned remission shall not exceed one-third of the total of the actual term and the relevant remand period, and the actual term shall not be reduced to less than 31 days. If a PIC breaches any institution discipline, the superintendent of the institution may make punishments in accordance with the law, including forfeiting the remission of sentences of PICs, which in turn increase the PICs’ number of days being imprisoned. Hence, the above situation is generally regarded as “increase of imprisonment term” among PICs.
According to Rule 39 of the Prison Rules (Cap. 234A), PICs who work in certain correctional institutions may receive payment in accordance with the rates approved by the Commissioner of Correctional Services. The main purpose of earnings for PICs is to provide incentive to help them develop good working habits and acquire work skills via useful work in order to facilitate their reintegration into society upon release. PICs may use at most 90% of their earnings to buy approved canteen items or for other approved purposes, while the remaining at least 10% earnings shall be kept as savings until the mandatory savings accumulated up to $500. PICs may withdraw the saved earnings upon discharge. Besides, staff of Rehabilitation Unit will make relevant referrals if PICs need to seek assistance from the Social Welfare Department or non-government organisations.
PICs including sex offenders will not be imposed separate confinement due to the offences they have committed. According to relevant law, CSD imposes separate confinement on individual PICs or removal from association with other PICs based on different reasons and managerial needs. Those reasons include the imposing of separate confinement as punishment due to indiscipline acts, or being ordered to be removed from association for the maintenance of good order or discipline or in the interest of such PIC.
Except half-way houses and custodial wards, correctional institutions under CSD are classified by different security levels, namely maximum, medium and minimum levels. Different categories of PICs are detained in institutions of different security levels. For example, Category A PICs can only be detained in maximum security prisons. Institutions of different security levels certainly have different security facilities. Fences are installed in institutions of all security levels. Apart from fences, perimeter walls and observation towers are installed in maximum security prisons.
At present, there are a total of 29 correctional facilities including prisons, correctional institutions, rehabilitation centres, addiction treatment centres, custodial wards, half-way houses, etc. They are distributed in Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, New Territories, Lantau Island and Hei Ling Chau. If classified by gender of PICs, institutions for detention of female PICs are Bauhinia House, Chi Lan Rehabilitation Centre, Lai King Correctional Institution, Lo Wu Correctional Institution, Nei Kwu Correctional Institution, Tai Lam Centre for Women and Wai Lan Rehabilitation Centre while institutions for male PICs are Cape Collinson Correctional Institution, Hei Ling Chau Addiction Treatment Centre, Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre, Lai Chi Rehabilitation Centre, Lai Hang Rehabilitation Centre, Lai Sun Correctional Institution, Pak Sha Wan Correctional Institution, Pelican House, Phoenix House, Pik Uk Correctional Institution, Queen Mary Hospital Custodial Ward, Sha Tsui Correctional Institution, Shek Pik Prison, Stanley Prison, Tai Lam Correctional Institution, Tai Tam Gap Correctional Institution, Tong Fuk Correctional Institution and Tung Tau Correctional Institution. Queen Elizabeth Hospital Custodial Ward and Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre are correctional facilities where male and female PICs are detained in separate localities.
According to the law, Hong Kong residents serving sentences overseas can apply for transfer back to Hong Kong to serve the remaining sentences. In general, each application has to satisfy the following main conditions: (i) the act, on which the sentence has been imposed, would also constitute a criminal offence according to the laws of Hong Kong if it had been committed in Hong Kong; (ii) the sentenced person is a permanent resident of Hong Kong, or otherwise has close ties with Hong Kong in the opinion of the Chief Executive; (iii) the judgment is final and no further proceedings relating to the offence or any other offences are pending in the jurisdiction; (iv) there is a tripartite consent to the transfer given by the concerned governments and the sentenced person.
All newly admitted PICs will be arranged to undergo an induction programme during which staff from different sections of the institution will brief them on information about daily lives, including PICs’ treatments, routine procedures, facilities, discipline, ways of seeking assistance and channels of complaints. In addition, the institution management will give them a booklet called “Information for Person in Custody”. This booklet not only introduces the procedures to be completed by newly admitted PICs, but also explains the matters to note in custodial life. The information booklet has been translated into 28 versions in 27 languages to cater for the needs of PICs of different nationalities. If PICs have any queries or problems about their daily lives in correctional institutions, they may enquire our on-duty staff. Our staff will explain to them or refer them to other sections for further assistance.
With a view to strengthening the communication between staff and foreign PICs, CSD has introduced tablet computers capable of translating multiple languages (currently 62 languages) since 2015; and introduced two-way instant voice translator for eight languages in 2020. In addition, CSD provides correctional officers with foreign language courses of six languages, including Nepalese, Urdu, Punjabi, Vietnamese, Indonesian and Spanish, to facilitate their communication with foreign PICs. If foreign PICs encounter communication problems, CSD may arrange staff or other PICs speaking the relevant foreign languages or of the same nationalities to offer assistance, or seek the help of Language Centres and Interpretation Hotline operated by NGOs. If there is still any problem, CSD may contact government official translators or relevant consulates to assist with the communication. Also, CSD provides Cantonese language classes and self-learning kits for foreign PICs to enhance their ability to speak and understand Cantonese.
Most areas in correctional institutions are not air-conditioned, but some of the workshops such as printing workshops are installed with air conditioners since a lower temperature is required for the operation of certain machines. All along, CSD has been taking various measures to improve the custodial environment, including air ventilation in institutions. In addition to regular replacement of fans and ventilation systems in dormitories and day activities areas, CSD has also installed additional industrial fans with strong power in institutions. New-style gates and windows with better ventilation efficiency are also installed progressively to improve air circulation. Besides, CSD has installed cell safety fans with anti-suicide design inside a total of over 1600 cells in various institutions. CSD has also allowed PICs to purchase hand fans and ice cooling towels in recent years, and will review and determine the approved hand-in articles and canteen purchase items for PICs according to the established security mechanism and the operations of institutions in a timely manner. To further tackle very hot weather, CSD has commissioned the Architectural Services Department to apply heat insulating coatings on the top of the buildings of individual institutions for trials on the cooling efficiency, and such trials would be extended to other institutions. To protect PICs from heat stroke, CSD has formulated the rest arrangements for PICs working under very hot weather with reference to the Guidance Notes on Prevention of Heat Stroke at Work issued by the Labour Department. Besides, institutions provide PICs with adequate facilities for the supply of drinking water to replenish water. Staff will regularly check the heat stress index under days of hot weather to decide whether outdoor sports activities should be arranged for PICs. Institution management reviews from time to time the arrangement for PICs to do vigorous exercises during humid and hot seasons and ensures that staff under their charge will take appropriate measures to protect PICs from heat stroke. CSD will continue to pay close attention to the facilities and daily operations of the institutions as well as work closely with relevant departments to take appropriate measures to provide a humane and healthy custodial environment for PICs.
CSD will adopt all possible solutions to prevent PICs from committing self-harm or suicidal behaviours. For instance, correctional officers will arrange newly admitted PICs to undergo induction programme, during which they will be explained of the matters to note in custodial life. CSD will also arrange staff members to provide counselling to them helping them adapt to the life in the institutions as soon as possible. Besides, institutional officers will use the Self-harm Risk Index and observe signs of PICs to identify PICs’ self-harm risks. If PICs are assessed to have higher self-harm risk, they will be placed on the Medical Observation List. Staff will pay special attention to this type of PICs to make corresponding arrangements. CSD also starts to improve the facilities in institutions so as to reduce PICs’ possibilities of self-harm or suicide. For example, toilets, mirrors and washing basins are made with non-fragile materials. For facilities such as fire service sprinklers, they will be designed in a way such that PICs will find it difficult to use those as anchor points to hang themselves. Besides, CSD is replacing old-style locks by electric locks security system at PICs’ cells by phase to reduce the time spent on unlocking the cells and to facilitate timely rescue. During the training in Hong Kong Correctional Services Academy, new recruits will receive training on procedures of handling self-harm or suicide cases by PICs. As for in-service training, clinical psychologists will periodically equip the staff with the latest knowledge of suicide and self-harm prevention.
The Classification and Categorisation Board of CSD decides on the correctional institutions where PICs should serve their sentence. When PICs on remand are convicted by court, the Classification and Categorisation Board of an institution will interview the convicted PICs, classifies and categorises them according to the nature of offence, age, the term of sentence and security category, etc. of the PICs. The Board will determine the types of institution where individual PICs will serve their sentence according to the conditions of admission of respective institutions. In considering whether to transfer a PIC to another institution, CSD will make decision according to a series of factors such as the operation of the institution, security and the physical and mental condition of the PIC.
The facility in correctional institution for separate confinement of PICs should be named as Special Unit, instead of the so-called “Shui Fan Fong”. The name “Shui Fan Fong” might be originated from the meals provided to a PIC in the Special Unit several decades ago which only included three meals of water and plain rice. Indeed, meals provided to PICs at the Special Unit are of no difference from those provided to other PICs. According to relevant law, CSD imposes separate confinement on individual PICs or removal from association with other PICs based on different reasons and managerial needs. Those reasons include the imposing of separate confinement as punishment due to indiscipline acts, or being ordered to be removed from association for the maintenance of good order or discipline or in the interest of such PIC. PICs serving sentence in the Special Unit will not lose their privileges automatically unless the punishment of both separate confinement and loss of privileges is imposed to the PICs at the same time due to indiscipline acts.
All newly-admitted PICs will undergo a series of reception procedures when they are admitted into institutions. The procedures include searching, verification of court warrants and taking of fingerprints, etc. Moreover, they have to hand in their personal belongings which will be kept by the institution temporarily. Then, staff of different sections will interview them to understand their needs. Staff will then arrange them to go to the centre hospital for examination by the Medical Officer to assess their physical and mental health. Upon completion of the above procedures, staff will arrange the PICs to join the Induction Programme. Meanwhile, the staff of different sections will explain to them the points to note in respect of their life in correctional institutions, including daily life, exercising, work and discipline, etc. If PICs have any queries, they can raise questions immediately and the staff will answer their enquiries accordingly.
According to the law, CSD will withhold any publications that by their content or nature hinder the rehabilitation of any PICs or pose a threat to the security, order and discipline of correctional institutions.
According to the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and the bilateral agreements on consular protection concluded between the People’s Republic of China and different countries, consulate officers of a foreign country shall be entitled to visit their nationals who are in the custody of CSD. They however are not entitled to visit Chinese nationals detained by CSD.
According to the Nationality Law of the People’s Republic of China, the People’s Republic of China does not recognise dual nationality for any Chinese national. Unless a Chinese national has an application for change of nationality/renunciation of Chinese nationality approved, he/she are still considered a Chinese national.
The arrangements on visits to PICs and related administrative measures are formulated by CSD in accordance with the above principles and relevant law.
All convicted PICs, irrespective of gender, shall maintain an appropriate hairstyle as directed. If a PIC does not wish to have his/her hair cut for personal reasons, he/she may make a request supported by justifications for an individual assessment. The institution management will make appropriate arrangements having regard to all relevant factors.
To cope with the rapid, ever-changing and complicated social circumstances as well as new challenges of correctional work, CSD has been proactively developing “Smart Prison” through the implementation of innovation and technology strategies to modernise, informatise, humanise the management mode and process innovation of correctional facilities.
Tai Tam Gap Correctional Institution, the first generation of “Smart Prison”, has come into operation since May 2021 with positive results.
The “Smart Prison” comprises four major systems, namely the Security and Monitoring System, the Operation and Management System, the Persons in Custody Self-management System and the Staff Capacity Enhancement System.
In the long run, CSD aims to apply the “Smart Prison” concept to both the hardware and software of correctional institutions. By integrating operational and information technology systems, data from various areas can be collected, analysed and applied, with a view to further enhancing both the management and operational efficiency of correctional institutions, strengthening their readiness in emergency response, and facilitating the long-term strategic planning in a systematic manner.
CSD provides all PICs with plain and wholesome food under the law. Currently, each PIC is provided with a total of four meals every day, namely morning, midday and evening meal plus a late snack. Although the meals are said to be plain and wholesome, they are in fact by no means plain. The dietary scales and quantity of meals are designed by accredited dietitians and approved by the Department of Health. In addition, there is a wide variety of diets. Apart from the four main dietary scales, there are also 37 supplementary diets and the menu would change every two weeks. PICs may request for change of dietary scale with regard to religious belief, health condition and dietary requirement. For the food items, there are different combinations of food items every day, including pork, beef, chicken, fish, beans, bean products and eggs. PICs are also provided with food such as vegetables, fruits and skimmed milk every day. If a PIC has a particularly strong appetite or special needs on diets, after being assessed by Medical Officer, the institution will make suitable arrangement.
CSD would take care of the dietary needs of different PICs, including pregnant or postnatal PICs. The dietary scales currently provided by CSD are designed by qualified dietitians and approved by the Department of Health. There are standards on the portion and nutrients of dietary scales with reference to relevant standards of Department of Health and World Health Organisation so that PICs do not need to consume external food for nutrients. If PICs have special dietary needs, taking pregnant or postnatal PICs as an example, institution management will make suitable arrangements based on the advice of Medical Officer, which include providing extra food items such as meat, eggs, milk and rice. In addition, the law stipulates that convicted PICs can only consume the food provided by the institution management. Therefore, relatives cannot bring nourishing food to pregnant or postnatal PICs during visits.
All convicted PICs shall consume meals provided by institutions under the law. For remand PICs, they may choose to consume meals provided by institution management, or order private food at their own expense from designated suppliers after seeking and obtaining prior permission.
For information about private food supplier application procedures, please refer to the CSD website.
CSD provides PICs with daily necessities including clothes, blankets, towels, soaps, toothbrushes, toothpaste, combs and toilet paper. In addition, PICs can keep approved hand-in articles received from their visitors, including wet tissues, dental floss, periodicals, exercise books and ball pens, but some of these articles require prior approval. Meanwhile, PICs can also use their earnings from work to purchase approved canteen items, including daily necessities and snacks, twice a month.
CSD provides PIC with a complete outfit of clothing and blankets adequate for warmth and replacement in accordance with statutory requirements. In winter, long sleeves underwear and underpants, long sleeves pullovers and pants, fleece pullovers, fleece jackets, socks, padded quilt blankets and blanket are distributed to them by the institution management. In the event of cold weather, institution management will distribute one or two additional blankets to them. If individual PICs need additional clothing and blankets by reason of health, they can make such requests to Medical Officers (MOs) at the institutions, and institution management will make suitable arrangements accordingly.
According to the relevant law, every PIC needs to take exercise unless exempted by the Medical Officers on medical grounds. PICs will be arranged to take exercise outdoors for not less than an hour every day. Institution management will arrange suitable ball games or recreational activities for PICs having regard to factors like institution operation and arrange Physical education instructors to provide guidance.
In general, PICs may watch television during holidays and break time in common facilities of the institutions such as dining halls and day rooms. In the selection of television programmes, institution management take into account various factors, including resources allocation of institutions, television signals received, language and programme content, to ensure suitable television programmes are arranged for PICs to watch. Besides, PICs may request duty officers to switch to other television channels. Officers will make suitable arrangements according to actual needs.
CSD provides daily necessities like clothing, bedding, towels, soaps, toothbrushes, toothpaste, combs and toilet paper to all PICs. PICs can also spend their earnings to buy approved items, including daily necessities and snacks, twice a month during canteen purchases. Besides, if PICs have other special needs in their daily lives, they can make requests with staff of the Rehabilitation Section. CSD will provide assistance and make relevant arrangements according to individual circumstances. Apart from PICs’ needs for daily necessities, CSD also concerns about their psychological and spiritual needs. If PICs are not visited by family members and friends, after obtaining consent from these PICs, the institution management will arrange staff of religious organisations or non-governmental organisations to pay visits, so as to render care and support to them.
There are two types of beds provided to PICs, which are fiberglass beds and bunk beds of metallic bed frames respectively. To keep the place neat and tidy, lockers or plastic boxes are provided in workshops, cells or dormitories of correctional institutions for PICs to keep their personal belongings. PICs are not allowed to place their personal belongings casually. For the quantities of letters and photographs to be kept by a PIC, it is stipulated that each PIC can keep a maximum of 72 photographs in his/her cell and there is no restriction on the number of letters though they are not encouraged to keep too many letters. PICs can pass the excess photographs over the limit or excess letters to their relatives or friends upon visits for their custody. They can also hand over their photographs and letters to the institution for safekeeping and take them upon discharge.
There are various categories of PICs under the custody of CSD, including adult and young, male and female, convicted and remanded. To facilitate the management of various categories of PICs, CSD will provide them with different clothing for identification. Moreover, to maintain the health of PICs, CSD provides PICs with different summer and winter clothing. The clothing for patients, pregnant and PICs on exercise is different from the clothing for PICs at the usual time.
Spectacles worn by PICs must be made of plastic, including the frames and lens. If the spectacles worn by a PIC are prescribed with metal frames or glass lens, the institution management will ask them to prescribe another pair of spectacles conforming with the specifications, and the original spectacles will be kept under the custody of the institution or passed it to their relatives and friends. If PICs need to prescribe spectacles, they may apply to the institution management where recognized eyesight test will be arranged. Once confirmed them to have actual needs, PICs may apply to the institution management for receiving spectacles during visits by relatives and friends. If there is no visit from relatives and friends, PICs may apply for prescription of spectacles by Rehabilitation Unit staff in the market.
According to Rule 38 of the Prison Rules, all convicted adult PICs (except on medical grounds) are required to engage in work. PICs shall work for 6 days a week, whose hours of labour shall not be less than 6 nor more than 10 daily. Medical officers at institutions will assess whether a PIC is suitable to take up a specific task, based on his/her physical and mental health. PICs who have been certified by the Medical Officer as unfit for work on medical grounds are exempted and may receive a basic level of earnings weekly. Every correctional institution has a hospital or sick bay where 24-hour basic medical services are provided by Medical Officers from the Department of Health and correctional officers with nursing qualifications. If PICs need to visit public hospitals or specialist clinics for treatments or medical follow-ups, CSD will arrange the PICs for outside medical treatment.
However, if a PIC commits any of the offences against prison discipline as stipulated in Rule 61 of the Prison Rules (e.g. fighting, disobeying orders, in possession of unauthorized articles, etc.), disciplinary action will be taken against them in accordance with the law. If the PIC is found guilty upon adjudication, CSD will impose appropriate punishment enumerated in Rule 63 of the Prison Rules, including deprivation of earnings or part thereof.
CSD arranges PICs to work in accordance with the law. As CSD does not have an employer-employee relationship with PICs and all basic necessities of PICs are provided by the Government, including food, clothing, sanitary products and even medical services, “minimum wage” is not applicable to them. At present, the earnings for PICs are incentive to encourage and motivate PICs to work. PICs can save their earnings or spend them on purchase of canteen items (such as snacks and additional daily necessities). The rates of earnings will be reviewed once a year in accordance with the established mechanism.
In accordance with Rule 47 of the Prison Rules, PICs may receive or send any number of letters. Convicted PICs can send one free letter per week with envelope, papers and postage at public expense. If they want to send more, they can use their earnings from work to purchase papers, envelopes, and stamps. For remand PICs, they will be furnished with reasonable amount of paper and other writing materials to write letters.
If necessary, all PICs may also apply to receive appropriate amount of paper, envelope and stamp from visitors. Hence, all PICs have the rights to receive or write letters. Even if they have committed indiscipline acts in institutions, their rights to receive letters are not affected. Generally speaking, upon receiving letters for PICs, the institution management will perform classification, security check and registration, and then distribute them to the PICs within the next working day. The time for distribution of letters slightly varies according to the actual operation of the institutions.
Besides, any letter to PICs which is of such a nature or content poses a threat to any individual’s personal safety or to the security, good order and discipline of the institution, CSD may stop the letter, cause it to be returned to sender or be destroyed.
If a PIC has not received any visits from his/her spouse, children, parents or siblings within a month and he/she neither makes any phone calls to the above family members, they are allowed to make a 10-minute phone call to their overseas spouses, children, parents or siblings. Moreover, institution managements can approve them to make long-distance calls having regard to individual conditions and needs of PICs.
As it is rather difficult for family members of foreign PICs to come to Hong Kong to visit them regularly, CSD will refer the cases to non-government organisations, religious or voluntary agencies which will arrange visits and render assistance to PICs, so as to offer mental and spiritual support. Furthermore, making phone calls is not the only means for PICs to communicate with outside parties. For example, they can write and receive any number of letters to and from anyone.
Upon admission into correctional institutions, PICs cannot deal with daily family matters on their own, such as paying utility bills and handling school affairs of their children. Generally, PICs will require relatives or friends to bring documents for them, or authorise them to handle the matters on their behalf. In case signing of documents is needed, they may apply to the institution management via the staff of the Rehabilitation Unit. Institution management may exercise discretion in allowing PICs to sign documents (including cheques) during visits while the signed documents shall be carried away by their relatives or friends.
To encourage PICs to communicate with outside, they are allowed to send and receive any number of letters. However, for security reasons, all inward and outward letters to and from PICs may be opened and searched for security check by institutional staff to ensure that there are no items inside the letters which pose any threat to any individual's safety, security, good order and discipline of the institution. According to the law, in a maximum security institution, the letters will be opened and searched and may also be read for checking. In other institutions of lower security levels, if the institution management has reasonable doubts, inward and outward letters to and from PICs may also be read.
According to rule 17 of the Prison Rules, all PICs can apply for leave of absence with the Commissioner of Correctional Services. CSD will comprehensively consider various factors of individual cases in granting approvals. These factors include term of sentence, offence, criminal background, security level, public concerns, risk of escape, length of sentence served and PIC’s behaviour, pedestrian flow and security at the location, PIC’s relationship with his family members and other factors for granting approvals. Security risk is one of the important considerations. If PICs apply for leave of absence to pay visits to seriously ill relatives or tribute to deceased relatives, institution management will assess their cases according to the above factors. If applications are approved, correctional officers will arrange and escort PICs to pay visits or tribute to their relatives. During visits or tribute, PICs shall not have bodily contact with any persons, including their relatives on the spot.
If a PIC would like to register marriage in a correctional institution, he/she may apply to the correctional institution via the staff of the Rehabilitation Unit. Once the application is approved, his/her family members may hire a qualified civil celebrant from outside to arrange the registration of marriage. To maintain the security, discipline and order of correctional institutions, the PIC and his/her relatives or friends shall also comply with the rules of the correctional institution during the wedding ceremony. For instance, except exchanging wedding rings during the wedding ceremony, the PIC shall not have bodily contact with other participants of the ceremony. The wedding ring of the concerned PIC shall be taken away from the institution immediately after the ceremony, or else it shall be kept in his/her PIC’s property bag.
According to the laws of Hong Kong, the child of a female PIC may be received into correctional institution until the mother PIC has completed her sentence or such child has attained the age of 3 years, whichever is the earlier. To allow the PIC to take well care of her child, she does not need to work during this period. Apart from receiving approved toys and books for the child from relatives or friends upon visits, there are toys and books provided by the correctional institutions in parent-child centres of the institutions and their bedrooms. Currently, there is no arrangement for children in correctional institutions to have vacation outside.
If PICs want to register as a voter during incarceration, they can approach the staff of Rehabilitation Unit for an application form for voter registration. The completed form should be sent to Registration and Electoral Office (REO) / Home Affairs Department (HAD).
All election-related materials from REO / HAD such as poll card and candidates’ introductory leaflet will be sent to PICs through the institution management. They can also obtain information about the election from the notices displayed in the institution. On the polling day, PICs will be facilitated to cast their vote at the dedicated polling station set up in the institution.
Acts and activities endangering national security are very serious crimes. CSD would adopt all measures to prevent, suppress and punish such acts and activities in accordance with the law.
To ensure the stability and safety of correctional facilities, CSD has all along been closely monitoring PICs’ outgoing and incoming letters as well as incoming publications for PICs. CSD would search and read PICs’ incoming and outgoing letters in accordance with the law. If it is found that the content of letters poses a threat to the safety of the institutions or carries messages endangering national security, or involves deliberate dissemination of relevant messages or instructions to outside parties by PICs, all those letters will be stopped according to the law. All suspected illegal cases will be referred to the relevant law enforcement agencies for follow-up investigation.
CSD keeps convicted adult PICs purposely and gainfully occupied for maintaining order and discipline with a view to facilitating prison stability. In the pursuit of rehabilitation for offenders, the Industries and Vocational Training Section helps PICs reintegrate into society through acquisition of skills in industrial work and by providing vocational training to enhance their employability. Currently, there are 13 different trades in Correctional Services Industries, namely laundry service, garment making, sign making, carpentry, fibreglass products, precast concrete products, metal work, leather products, personal protective equipment, envelope making, printing, bookbinding and simple manual work. The work is designed mainly for equipping PICs with suitable work skills and is subject to the facilities and environment of the institution as well as the categories of PICs, instead of gender-oriented.
Unconvicted persons on remand can opt to work or not to work. For those who opt to work, they will be assigned to work posts of garment making, bookbinding or simple manual work.
Given all basic necessities of PICs including diets and medical services are provided by the Government, their earnings in fact carry the meaning of incentive payments to encourage PICs to develop good working habits and skills. The current earnings per week range from HK$46 to $200, subject to different work posts which can be further classified as apprentice labour or skilled labour. In general, earnings of more difficult work posts or work posts with higher skill requirement are higher. Correctional Officers shall observe and assess PICs’ work performance and learning progress, and propose work posts and earning increment for PICs to the Work and Vocational Training Allocation Board in accordance with the guidelines. Earnings of PICs will be reviewed annually according to an established mechanism or reviewed when there are changes in the contract prices of canteen items, so as to maintain PIC’s purchasing power and motivation at work.
CSD provides eligible adult PICs with market-oriented vocational training courses to enable them to acquire the vocational skills required in the market, and to facilitate their smooth re-integration into society. To enhance PICs’ employability, CSD arranges them to attend training courses and trade tests held by external training bodies (such as the Employees Retraining Board, the Construction Industry Council, the Vocational Training Council, Clothing Industry Training Authority) to attain vocational qualifications. Currently, CSD organises various market-oriented vocational training programmes annually to help PICs prepare themselves well for employment after release. Besides, CSD also provides half-day education and half-day vocational training for young PICs. Currently, CSD provides them with various vocational training courses, covering metal work, hairstyling, beauty care, food and beverage services, elementary Cantonese cooking and kitchen operations, coffee house operation, laundry skill, building services, creative multimedia technology, cleaning skill, decorative joinery, commercial practice, Western pastry and dessert making to let the PICs to obtain public-accredited qualifications so as to enhance their employability and helping them enroll in bridging or progressive courses in the future.
Currently, over 1 400 places in more than 40 various market-oriented vocational training courses are provided for adult PICs, and the training quotas would be flexibly adjusted with reference to the number and response of PICs. Only 7 courses require the education level of Secondary 3 or above and 14 courses require the education level of Primary 6 or above, while the rest of the courses do not require a minimum education level. All the academic requirements are specific admission criteria set by the course providers such as Employees Retraining Board (ERB) and Vocational Training Council (VTC), which are the same for the public.
The institutions will arrange PICs to take a rest day every week. If PICs are required to work overtime to meet the operational needs, PICs will be arranged to work voluntarily and paid with overtime compensation (which equals to 1.5 times of their earnings).
CSD has formulated and maintained a comprehensive safety management system in accordance with the Safety Management Regulation under the Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance (Cap.59), the Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance (Cap. 509), and the Code of Practice on Safety Management issued by the Commissioner for Labour under Section 7A (1) of Cap.59. The Department will arrange PICs injured at work to apply for ex-gratia payment. All eligible cases shall consult the Labour Department, Department of Justice and Security Bureau, and be approved by Financial Services and the Treasury Bureau. If a PIC suffers from a temporary loss of earning capacity, the Department will provide him/her with daily necessities, including medical services.
To ensure all the clothing of PICs are handled timely and properly, the clothing of PICs are washed in the laundry workshops of institutions according to the washing schedule fixed by institutions. In accordance with the guideline of the Centre for Health Protection, the washing of patients’ clothing and kitchen staff’s working clothes of centre hospitals must be separated from other PICs’ clothing, while other clothing are washed together. To maintain the hygiene, PICs working in the laundry workshop of an institution are supervised by an instructor. Besides, all the apparatuses and areas for handling dirty clothing must be cleaned with 1 in 99 diluted bleach regularly.
CSD provides market-oriented vocational training places for lawfully residing adult PICs who are due for discharge within 24 months and eligible for employment to enrol on a voluntary basis. For young PICs under the age of 21, CSD provides them with mandatory half-day education and half-day vocational training.
As for non-local PICs, through participation in industrial production while serving their sentences, they can acquire the skills of relevant industries, general knowledge and generic skills such as production arrangements, quality control, logistics, material testing, production record, machine maintenance, basic computer operation, occupational safety, etc. Besides, they may participate in interest classes during leisure time so as to enhance their ability to re-integrate into society after release.
All PIC, regardless of their religious affiliation, are offered spiritual and social services by chaplains of CSD, and visitors from other religious/non-governmental organisations. The services include visits, counselling, religious worship and recreational activities. Religious organisations will also hold masses and gatherings in institutions on festive occasions. Every Christmas, the representatives of the Catholic Diocese of Hong Kong, and the Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui would conduct masses/services at different institutions. Besides, during Christmas or Luner New Year, some of the institutions organise design and decoration competitions for PICs to experience the festive atmosphere.
A PIC can apply for receiving a daily newspapers paid by relatives or friends on his/her behalf by placing an order with the publisher or a registered agent. Correctional institutions also provide newspapers for all PICs to read. A PIC may receive no more than six magazines, periodicals and other general reading materials handed in by relatives or friends during visits per month. Devotional books are not subject to any limit. Textbooks required for courses enrolled are allowed on any approved quantities through normal channel where visitors can hand in the textbooks during visits for distribution to PICs.
CSD works closely with various employers, business organisations and statutory bodies to enhance employers’ understanding of PICs and rehabilitation services by visits to institutions and other exchanges so as to encourage them to offer employment opportunities to PICs and rehabilitated persons. CSD has all along been calling on the public and employers to include, accept and fairly employ rehabilitated persons in order to facilitate their reintegration into society. CSD also offers 'Caring Employer' scheme which aims to provide an interactive job-matching platform for potential employers and rehabilitated persons. Job vacancies of various trades from potential employers and updated employment information are regularly referred to PICs and supervisees by means of notice boards and information display system in correctional institutions and supervising sections. Such information is also conveyed to PICs during Induction Programme and Pre-release Reintegration Orientation Course. Interested PICs/ inmates due for discharge within 3 months and supervisees who are under active statutory supervision may approach staff of institutional Rehabilitation Unit for filling in the form for job application. Job interviews in person/by video-conference/by tele-conference can be arranged by institutional Rehabilitation Unit at the request of potential employers. In addition, CSD provides over 20 placement-tied vocational training courses for eligible PICs, which cover a wide range of trades such as construction, logistics, retail, food and beverage and beauty care, etc. PICs who have completed any placement-tied vocational training courses during incarceration can also be provided with employment follow-up services by respective training bodies after release.
For PICs serving indeterminate or long-term sentences, if they are willing to rehabilitate and well prepared to reintegrate into society, their indeterminate sentence may be substituted by a determinate one, or they may be released conditionally under supervision. According to the Long-term Prison Sentences Review Ordinance, Cap. 524, the principal function of the Long-term Prison Sentences Review Board is to review the imprisonment sentences of certain categories of persons in custody, including those serving indeterminate sentences. All members of the Long-term Prison Sentences Review Board are appointed by the Chief Executive, and the President and the Deputy President should hold or have held office as a judge of the Court of First Instance of the High Court. Members of the Board should have expertise or experience in various disciplines including psychiatry, psychology, rehabilitation of offenders, social work, legal, education, commerce and industry. When conducting a sentence review, the Board may recommend to the Chief Executive that an indeterminate sentence of a subject be substituted by a determinate one or that a determinate sentence of a subject be remitted. Besides, the Board may order a subject who is serving an indeterminate sentence to be released conditionally under supervision. For a subject whose indeterminate sentence has been converted to a determinate one by the Chief Executive, the Board may also make a post-release supervision order directing the early release of the subject under supervision. The powers conferred to the Board to order conditional release and post-release supervision ensure that the subjects, after having been incarcerated for a long period of time, are provided with guidance and assistance to help them reintegrate into society and lead a law-abiding life.
Though PICs are unable to enjoy the festive occasions with their families, CSD, adopting a people-oriented approach, provides PICs with extra food items and organises various types of activities in the three major traditional festivals of Hong Kong, namely Lunar New Year, Mid-Autumn Festival and Christmas to let PICs feel that they are being cared about and create a festive atmosphere for them during major festivals. In addition to normal meals, CSD will provide preserved Chinese sausages and vegetarian food during the Lunar New Year, and chicken legs, spring rolls, sausages, pears, mandarin oranges, etc. during the Mid-Autumn festival and Christmas. Besides, the department will arrange representatives from non-governmental organisations, religious organisations or foreign consulates to hold different religious activities or gatherings for PICs and distribute articles like mooncakes or snacks to PICs during the above festivals where prior approvals have been given. Correctional institutions will also organise various types of recreational activities and ball games for PICs.
The term “Probation” is commonly referred by persons in custody to the need for statutory supervision after release. If a person is detained under the Drug Addiction Treatment Centres Ordinance, Detention Centres Ordinance, Training Centres Ordinance or Rehabilitation Centres Ordinance, there will be a supervision period following release, with a length of 12 months for the former three and 36 months for the last one. If a person is sentenced to imprisonment for 3 months or above, and is under 21 years of age when he/she began to serve, and under 25 years of age on discharge, he/she will be subject to supervision for a period of 1 year from the date of discharge. Besides, the Long-term Prison Sentences Review Board, Post-Release Supervision Board and Release Under Supervision Board would specify the statutory supervision on the concerned PICs. The Boards will decide the supervision period case by case or with respect to the length of sentence. CSD is currently responsible for managing a total of 10 different supervision schemes. The purpose of statutory supervision is to ensure continued care and guidance for rehabilitated persons upon release. During the supervision period, supervisee must comply with the supervision requirements, including meeting with supervising officer, engaging in gainful employment, residing at approved address, etc. Staff on supervision duties will visit their home or workplace regularly with a view to monitoring the performance of the supervisee and offering him/her counselling and assistance timely. If a person breaches any requirement of the Supervision Order, he/she may be subject to recall for further training or re-imprisonment.
Parent-Child Centres are established in female correctional institutions, such as Lo Wu Correctional Institution (LWCI) and Tai Lam Centre for Women, for mothers who are PICs to meet their children. The decorations in Parent-Child Centres are no different from those of normal children's play rooms, providing a safe and comfortable environment for female PICs to meet their young children aged below 11. Mothers who are PICs can play and read with their children, so as to encourage them to play their role in their families, rebuild the parent-child relationships and pave the way for them to reintegrate into the community. Family members of the eligible female PICs shall make a booking via telephone, and they may meet their children for 2 hours each time and twice per week. In addition to the above, subject to the availability of facility and first-come first serve basis, incarcerating mother with children aged below 3 may apply for a short stay with her children in Lo Wu Correctional Institution or Tai Lam Centre for Women for 7 days during Chinese New Year Holiday, Easter Holiday and Christmas Holiday. No more than two children is allowed for each short stay.
CSD has all along been dedicated to providing diversified rehabilitation programmes for PICs. One of the important elements of the programmes is to enrich PICs’ cultural lives. For example, the Department has all along been establishing a close partnership with non-governmental organisations to run different types of interest groups, including those engaged in musical and recreational activities. CSD Rehabilitation Volunteer Group also organises interest classes like music (including singing and Chinese dances), Putonghua, beauty care and handicraft for foreign PICs. Besides, at the certificate presentation ceremonies held in different institutions and the “Creation and Rehabilitation” drama and music performance staged in Stanley Prison, PICs have the opportunities to perform and unleash their potential in front of prominent community members, students, teachers, principals and their families to demonstrate the fruits of their hard work in music and drama performance, and other talent shows.
CSD has been providing diversified rehabilitation programmes for PICs. An important element of the programmes is to enrich their cultural lives. To this end, the Department has all along maintained a close partnership with non-government organisations (NGOs) to organise various types of interest groups for PICs, including musical and cultural activities. Apart from cultural activities, prison visitors from NGOs also provide a wide range of services in different correctional institutions, including religious and interest groups, individual counselling, vocational guidance and regular visits.
Apart from arranging social visits and encouraging young PICs to write more letters to their family members, CSD also organises different types of Inmate-Parent Programmes on a regular basis, such as visits by parents of newly-admitted young PICs, birthday celebrations to enhance parent-child relationships, group activities, parents’ days and seminars offered by clinical psychologists. The aim of organising various kinds of activities is to enhance the relationships between young PICs and their family members, improve their communication skills, boost the determination of young PICs to turn over a new leaf, and help parents learn to manage parent-child relationships and teach their children with a positive attitude, in order to help PICs stay away from crimes and reintegrate smoothly into society upon discharge.
The programme is called "Youth Broadcasting Programme - Shall We Talk", an audio programme produced by young PICs. With a view to soliciting community support for young PICs, CSD invited major government officials, prominent community leaders and celebrities from various sectors to visit correctional institutions from time to time. They shared personal experiences with young PICs and sent them blessings and encouragement. Strenuous effort from different sectors of the community helped appeal to public support for rehabilitation of offenders on one hand, and reinforce rehabilitated offenders’ determination to repent and turn over a new leaf on the other.
CSD arranges for PICs to attend market-oriented vocational training programmes and skills training for industrial work to enhance their employability and better prepare for re-integration into society. Regarding the employment of rehabilitated persons, CSD offers 'Employment Services' which aims to provide an interactive job-matching platform. Besides, the department will, as far as possible, arrange job interviews in person/by video-conference/by tele-conference at the request of employers to facilitate the selection of suitable rehabilitated persons. According to our experience, once the rehabilitated persons are determined to start anew and work with positive attitude, the employers are very willing to offer job opportunities to rehabilitated persons, enabling them to realise their potential and contribute to the society.
According to the Drug Addiction Treatment Centres (DATC) Ordinance (Cap 244), CSD has to provide 2 to 12 months’ drug addiction treatment for PICs in DATC, as well as 12 months’ post release supervision. During the supervision period, supervising officers will provide assistance to PICs regarding their adaptation to society, family relationship and employment issues after leaving DATC. They also supervise and urge them to abide by the law and comply with requirements of supervision orders, help them reintegrate into society, and stay away from drugs. In recent years, CSD has proactively implemented various measures such as enhancing the Pre-release Re-integration Orientation Course, strengthening counselling services, and organising enhanced anti-drug groups for recalled supervisees at DATC, so as to reinforce their determination to stay away from drugs. Moreover, the Department has stepped up spot check and surveillance of drug testing procedures of supervisees.
The halfway house programme is an extension of the rehabilitative programmes carried out within the detention, training, drug addiction treatment centres and prisons. Needy supervisees, such as those with accommodation problems or requiring close monitoring upon discharge, will be arranged to take up residence in appropriate halfway houses, which include Bauhinia House, Pelican House and Phoenix House. The residents go out to work or study during daytime and return at night. The programme seeks to cultivate a sense of self-discipline and positive work habit within a structured and supportive environment. The period of residence depends on individual needs and progress. Leave of absence is generally granted on weekends and holidays to them to visit family members or friends for social reintegration. Visits by family members and friends are also encouraged so as to foster and strengthen support conducive to their rehabilitation.
CSD provides statutory supervision to released PICs in accordance with relevant ordinances to ensure continued support and guidance. Besides, to further assist rehabilitated persons in reintegrating into society, a “Positive Energy Map” programme was launched at the end of 2015 with an aim to utilise community services and resources to help rehabilitated persons stay away from undesirable peers and lead a healthy life. With past experiences in collaborating with different non-government organisations, CSD formulates a social resources blueprint categorised by districts and activities/services to disseminate information to rehabilitated persons on various activities of each district, including cultural and recreational activities and training for personal development provided by non-government organisations to rehabilitated persons so as to involve them in meaningful activities apart from working and studying.
This programme, jointly organised by CSD and the Hong Kong Police Force, aims to promote law-abiding awareness, establish positive values and reduce the recidivism rate among young PICs. The programme provides young PICs with a series of diversified experiential learning activities covering different areas including personal growth, multi-perspective thinking, family development, civic education, social psychology, history of Hong Kong and national security law. Through participating in these activities, young PICs can re-establish correct values, build resilience, develop their strengths and unleash their potential, so that they can eventually become responsible and law-abiding citizens, and contribute to our country and society.
CSD is committed to providing employment opportunities for rehabilitated persons and enhancing their employability after release. The “Employment Services” aim to provide an interactive job-matching platform for potential employers and rehabilitated persons. Our sincere gratitude goes to employers for their support to rehabilitated persons. Employers who are interested in joining the “Employment Services” only need to fill in the “Vacancy Order Form” obtainable from the CSD’s website. The completed form together with a copy of the company’s Business Registration Certificate should be faxed to 2598 1936 or emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org for registration.
CSD provides half-day education and half-day vocational training for young PICs under the age of 21, while adult PICs (except on medical grounds) shall be required to engage in useful work for not more than 10 hours a day according to Rule 38 of the Prison Rules. Adult PICs can pursue further studies in their spare time, enrol in distance learning courses according to their interests and abilities and take public examinations on a voluntary basis, such as enrolling in distance learning courses of the Hong Kong Metropolitan University.
CSD provides half-day education for young PICs and assists qualified PICs to take public examinations, such as Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education Examination (HKDSE). After completing HKDSE, PICs can apply for programmes of local universities or post-secondary institutions, and pursue first degree, associate degree and higher diploma programmes upon discharge. The Department also encourages PICs to enrol in distance learning courses of the of Hong Kong Metropolitan University and provides appropriate assistance.
CSD encourages PICs to use their leisure time for reading wholesome books. Libraries have been set up in various correctional institutions to provide PICs with appropriate books. The total collection of the libraries in correctional institutions currently extend to over 120 000 copies, including books in English and nearly 50 other languages such as Vietnamese, Indonesian, Thai, Japanese, Spanish, French, Hindu and Urdu. Besides the books in the libraries of institutions, PICs may also receive no more than six books per month from their relatives and friends to satisfy their reading needs. Apart from books, CSD also provides Chinese and English newspapers every day for PICs to read. PICs may also purchase newspapers at their own expenses if needed.
CSD do not allow PICs to directly search for information via the internet due to security reasons. When PICs need to search for information via the internet, if there is no relative or friends to help them, teachers in the correctional institutions or staff of the Rehabilitation Unit may search for PICs, download the information and print it out for their use.
CSD has been provided by the Hong Kong Metropolitan Universitywith e-learning materials for PICs’ distance learning courses since September 2015. E-Learning Resources Corners have been set up in 10 correctional institutions, and the materials are for the reference of PICs in need.
CSD will consider factors like the operation of individual institutions, number of PICs attending examinations, examination results and PICs’ remaining sentence before release in holding certificate presentation ceremonies. The ceremonies aim at recognising PICs’ efforts made in their pursuit of academic training over the past year. PICs who have attended various distance learning courses and public examinations and have been awarded certificates will be invited to certificate presentation ceremonies. At the ceremony, the officiating guest of honour will present academic certificates to the relevant PICs. The institutions will also arrange them to share details about their journey towards rehabilitation, show repentance and express to their families their determination to start anew. Besides, PICs will stage fascinating performances to express their gratitude to their families, correctional officers and representatives from non-governmental and community organisations and community leaders in support of their rehabilitation, and share with them the joy of PICs.
CSD provides half-day learning classes in secondary level for young PICs on remand. They can make requests for participating in the learning classes according to their needs. For PICs on remand who were studying higher education programmes before being remanded in custody, arrangements could be made to contact the relevant tertiary institutions for the provision of the appropriate learning mode (can refer to the learning mode of the distance learning programmes offered by the Hong Kong Metropolitan University (HKMU)) and learning materials. Upon the requests of PICs, the Department would provide appropriate assistance for them to continue their studies inside correctional institutions, including arranging for them to sit for the examinations for the programmes they have enrolled in and attend study counselling visits inside correctional institutions, subject to the availability of resources and as far as practicable. PICs on remand can also enrol in distance learning programmes offered by the HKMU according to their abilities and interests.
At present, both Pik Uk Correctional Institution and Lai King Correctional Institution which accommodate young PICs are designated venues for holding HKDSE. The institutional management can assist young PICs in need to sit for the HKDSE inside the institutions where they are being held in custody.
The Psychological Gymnasium (PSY GYM) was officially launched in 2011. It is located at Lo Wu Correctional Institution where diversified and gender specific psychological treatment are provided for female PICs with medium to high levels of emotional distress and psychological needs. Clinical Psychologists find that factors causing females to commit crime are different from those of males. Besides, female PICs also have their specific rehabilitative needs, for example, they are more vulnerable to various kinds of emotional problems than male PICs. They have more experiences of suffering from abuse and traumas. Many of them have a tendency to self-harm.
In this connection, the PSY GYM is established to offer gender specific psychological treatment to female PICs to foster their psychological health and personal growth. The PSY GYM incorporates positive psychology intervention in traditional psychological treatment and expands treatment focus from “fixing the problems” to “finding the strengths” to enhance treatment effectiveness. As artistic elements are added to the psychological treatment, the PSY GYM facilitates participants to express their inner feelings and thoughts in their art creation. The PSY GYM also adopts elements of Therapeutic Community to allow participants to help each other and build up relationship. They also help the participants to put into practice the psychological skills acquired from the group. Clinical Psychologists continue to develop and refine the PSY GYM programmes to cater for female PICs with diversified needs. Mindfulness-based therapy and parenting programme are introduced in recent years.
PICs who committed sex offences come from diverse backgrounds. Most of them are vulnerable to loneliness and may also have other emotional problems. Some are rather introverted who cannot get along well with other people, have narrow social circles, feel difficult to share inner feelings with others and generally have no interests or hobbies. A few of them even have deviant sexual interests such as paedophilia or voyeuristic disorder. In face of various interpersonal problems and emotional disturbance, they tend to use maladaptive means to make themselves feel better or satisfy the intimacy that they lack, such as frequently browsing erotic contents, getting indulged in social networking mobile applications and casual sex. They relieve stress through sexual excitement and stimulation which they think can soothe their emotions, but consequently they fall deeper into the trap and become unable to extricate themselves and commit sex offences. CSD understands the worries of the public about the threats posed by sexual offences to society, especially that many victims are children or teenagers. Therefore, as early as 20 years ago, the Department established the first residential treatment unit of this kind in East Asia to provide participants with comprehensive and systematic psychological assessment and treatment programmes. Clinical psychologists of CSD will assess their re-offending risk and treatment needs based on scientific evidence with reference to overseas and local research findings over the years in order to provide them with appropriate psychological treatments, aiming at achieving the goal of less victims and more law-abiding citizens in our society.
Life Gym, the Positive Living Centre for Men established in Stanley Prison, officially came into operation in 2018. It is CSD’s first psychological treatment centre specially designed for male PICs. Combining the theories and researches on male psychology and criminal psychology, Life Gym is the first of its kind in Asian correctional institutions which offers psychological treatment programmes to address male-specific treatment needs. Local crime statistics show that the recidivism rate of male PICs is significantly higher than that of female PICs, and the violent crimes committed by male PICs are about four times of those committed by female PICs. However, male PICs are generally reluctant to seek help due to their gender-specific traits, including beliefs about masculinity, tendency to solve problems on their own, and reluctance to show their emotions. In order to help male PICs desist from crime and develop positive male-specific traits, Life Gym provides holistic psychological treatment programmes and a mutually supportive treatment community to help them move towards a better life and rekindle hope in life. The main treatment modules that address male-specific needs include rectifying the distorted criminogenic mindset, anger management, violence prevention, quitting addictive behaviours and breaking the cycle of crime. The latest treatment module, having regard to the male perspective, focuses on cultivating positive male-specific traits such as shouldering the responsibility of the breadwinner, rising up to challenges, and caring for others through actions. Life Gym is also committed to developing four treatment methods addressing male-specific needs. Special learning modes are adopted to enhance their treatment motivation. Psyber Space is an interactive multimedia digitalised psychological treatment programme adopting the technology-assisted treatment mode through virtual reality training and the use of computer tablets, in addition to the conventional psychological treatment. Through the use of smart bikes, effective sports therapy helps male PICs develop their potential and reduce stress. Activity-based therapy with the use of video games and board games as well as action-based therapy aim to help male PICs apply the psychological skills they have learned in their everyday life.
Owing to social circumstances, there was an upsurge in admissions to correctional institutions that accommodate youngsters aged from 14 to 21 in the past two years. They have caused a shift in the psychosocial profile of incarcerated youths. For this reason, CSD has set up a new psychological treatment unit, the “Youth Lab”, in Pik Uk Correctional Institution to meet the new challenges in psychological rehabilitation for the new generation of young offenders. Contemporary young offenders have specific psychological needs. They require treatment to address their mental health issues and divert them away from the path to chronic offending. Emphasis on youngsters in offender rehabilitation is a decades-long and world-wide practice, as they are more amenable to change than adults, and early intervention on young offenders has been scientifically proven to yield the largest positive effects in reducing recidivism. Clinical psychologists of CSD have been committed to reducing the recidivism rate of young people by adopting an evidence-based approach to address important psychological risk factors. It is against this background that we proposed to introduce a new treatment programme to help the incarcerated youth. After spending about six months in preliminary administrative procedures (including seeking policy support and site selection) and another six months renovating the relevant facilities, we are glad to see the completion of the renovation works in November 2021, so that the Youth Lab could officially come into operation. There is no external sponsor for this specialised service which is a new initiative in psychological services launched by CSD.
The “Mindfulness Corner” was established by the Psychological Services Section 2 at Nei Kwu Correctional Institution in May 2017. With reference to the latest scientific research findings and evidence-based practices from overseas, CSD has for the first time incorporated elements of mindfulness into the current Drug Abuse Rehabilitation Programme to enhance the existing drug treatment. Treatment with mindfulness elements can more specifically help female drug addicts quit drugs.
What is “mindfulness”? Mindfulness involves deliberately paying attention to in-the-moment experience, accepting our physical response, thoughts and emotions in the present moment without judgment. Drug abusers often avoid problems and negative emotions by taking drugs. Through practising different mindfulness exercises including mindful breathing, mindful stretching and body scan, PICs can improve their concentration and awareness, and learn to accept their internal experience, which enable them to make wise decisions calmly and stay away from drugs. To facilitate the practice of mindfulness by female inmates of the drug addiction treatment centre, the “Mindfulness Corner” is provided with different equipment including yoga mats, kneeling stools, aroma diffusers, etc.
To encourage inmates to practise mindfulness as far as practicable, the Psychological Services Section has designed a “Mindfulness Journal” to facilitate the easy application and practice of a mindfulness lifestyle beyond the “Mindfulness Corner”. Inmates can use the ways they like such as drawing and writing to freely record their thoughts and feelings regarding daily mindfulness practices which can further enhance their self-understanding.
Contemporary researches show that the practice of mindfulness can effectively enhance stress resistance and ease negative emotions. Through the setting up of the “Mindfulness Corner”, the Psychological Services Section aims to incorporate the elements of mindfulness into the evidence-based psychological drug treatment, which helps inmates of the drug addiction treatment centre go deep into their minds, facilitates the early identification of cravings, and helps them learn to effectively deal with cravings so as to prevent relapse.
CSD collaborates with educational institutions and community service organisations to promote community education. CSD aims at helping students and young people develop positive values towards life and become responsible and law-abiding citizens with a view to reducing crime. In September 2008, CSD launched the Rehabilitation Pioneer Project (RPP) targeting at secondary school students and youngsters. Through a series of community education activities such as Education Talks, Personal Encounter with Prisoners Scheme, Green Haven Scheme, Visits to Hong Kong Correctional Services Museum, Extended Training Camp, Student Forum, Drama and Music Performance of “Creation and Rehabilitation”, The Reflective Path, Summer Camp, Rehabilitation Pioneer Leaders, Mission in prison and Rehabilitation Express (RehEx), CSD seeks to disseminate to young people the messages of safeguarding our country and home, leading a law-abiding and drug-free life as well as supporting offender rehabilitation. Any organisations interested in participating in the activities of the RPP may visit our website for details from the timetable, download the application form and return the completed form to the RPP Office by email (email@example.com). For enquiries, please contact the RPP Office at 2259 3349 / 2174 6002 during office hours or send to the RPP Office (Address: Flat A, 16/F, Block F, 3 Lok Man Road, Chai Wan, Hong Kong) by mail. For updated information, please enquire by email (firstname.lastname@example.org) or visit the RPP Facebook Page.
Anyone interested in working as a volunteer in correctional institutions may apply to join the CSD Rehabilitation Volunteer Group (RVG). The main duty of RVG’s members is to conduct a variety of hobby classes for persons in custody (PICs) in various correctional institutions, such as language courses of Cantonese, Mandarin, English; table tennis training, basketball, Qigong, Tai Chi, Yoga, Chinese calligraphy, beauty care, origami, light clay class, balloon twisting and contemporary dance, etc. Also, RVG’s members may conduct courses of computer application, oral English, DSE English and Interviewing skills upon rehabilitative needs from individual institutions. The RVG also participated in rehabilitation events and community education programmes organised by the Department. Training will be provided to new members by RVG in order to facilitate them with a brief understanding on CSD, our rehabilitation services and characteristics of PICs. Those aged 18 with tertiary qualifications or above may join the RVG. Please feel free to call the Office of RVG (Tel.: 2505 1492) for further details.
The Reflective Path is one of the educational programmes to introduce simulated activities for experiencing custodial life under the Rehabilitation Pioneer Project launched in September 2015. Through the simulation of the real situation in prison, students are able to experience the life of PICs in correctional institutions and reflect on the detrimental effects of committing crimes. The project covers a wide range of activities such as mock court hearing, simulated reception procedures, custody in dormitories and single cells, foot drill training, simulated work groups and sharing session by PICs, etc. It aims to enhance participants’ understanding of the criminal judicial system and correctional services, as well as the heavy price for committing crimes.
In general, the community education programmes of CSD accept applications from schools or organisations. The brand-new crime prevention education programme “Mission in Prison” (MIP) is open for application by teams formed by individual students. Secondary and tertiary students (with valid student identity cards) may join the MIP in a team of at least three students. Interested parties may submit applications through the Department’s webpage. On the other hand, secondary students can also join the youth uniformed group “Rehabilitation Pioneer Leaders” established by the Department. Students who are interested to participate in the above programmes may visit our webpage for more details.
The community education programmes organised by CSD aim to disseminate the messages of “leading a law-abiding and drug-free life as well as supporting offender rehabilitation” to young people of all ages. While the target participants of these programmes are mainly secondary and tertiary students, RehEx is a brand-new community education activity of CSD tailor-made for primary school students. CSD will arrange a promotion vehicle to visit primary schools in various districts across the territory to enhance the promotion of national security, national education, crime prevention, as well as anti-drug and support for rehabilitation messages to primary school students through electronic games and dodgebee, a newly emerged sport. Besides, primary students can also develop correct values of abiding by the law from an early age by visiting the Hong Kong Correctional Services Museum and attending education talks. Members of the public can visit CSD’s website and Facebook page to obtain more information about the community education programmes and their development.
“Mission in Prison” (MIP) is a brand-new crime prevention education programme implemented by CSD since 2021 to further enhance the effectiveness of community education. Based on the escape room approach with elements of role-playing, problem-solving and team-building, MIP simulates various emergencies and daily situations confronted by CSD staff to enable young people to obtain the most authentic learning experience. With the aid of smart applications on computer tablets, participants will act as correctional officers to solve various challenges at the 18 checkpoints in Ma Hang Prison. Through conducting investigations, participants will strive to deter indiscipline acts committed by PICs and formulate a rehabilitation programme for them to turn over a new leaf.
To attract active participation by students, MIP is incorporated with the concept of smart prison by converting a real prison into a unique “classroom”, with a view to enhancing participants’ understanding of the actual duties of correctional officers and enabling them to observe from another perspective the custodial environment and life in prison, which in turn can stimulate participants to reflect on the consequences of committing crimes.
MIP is now open for application. Secondary and tertiary students (with valid student identity cards) can sign up for MIP under the open category in a team of at least three students. Upon receipt of the completed online application forms, the Rehabilitation Pioneer Project Office will conduct a ballot and notify the applicants of the results individually. For details of the application, please click the following link:
“Mission in Prison” Open Group Application Form (Suggest to open it in Google Chrome)
The CSD Rehabilitation Volunteer Group (RVG) was established by CSD in January 2004 with an aim to encourage the public to participate in rehabilitation work. The RVG provides appropriate services catering for the needs of PICs and rehabilitated persons so as to help them rehabilitate and re-integrate into society. In the meantime, through personal participation, volunteers can encourage the public to accept and support rehabilitated persons, with a view to further facilitating rehabilitation work. On the other hand, through joining the volunteer services, volunteers can fully develop their civic responsibilities, which in turn enhance their understanding of and commitment to society. One of the major work of the RVG members is to personally conduct diversified hobby classes in correctional institutions for PICs including classes for learning Cantonese, Putonghua, English, table tennis, basketball, Qigong, Tai Chi, yoga, Chinese calligraphy, beauty care, origami, light clay handicraft, balloon twisting and contemporary dance, etc. Besides, practical courses such as computer application, oral English, DSE English and interview skills are conducted to meet the rehabilitation needs of PICs in individual penal institutions. If you are aged 18 or above with at least tertiary qualifications and are interested in joining the RVG, please feel free to call our RVG Office (Tel.: 2505 1492) for more details.
If a person in custody feels aggrieved at treatments in the institution or has any complaint about his/her right or interest, he/she may voice out his/her complaint through the following channels :
For rehabilitated persons or the public, complaints/opinions about any staff or policy of Correctional Services Department may be lodged with CIU in person, by phone, by fax, by email or in writing.
The Complaints Investigation Unit (CIU) is an independent establishment appointed by the Commissioner of Correctional Services (CCS) to handle and investigate all complaints within its purview expeditiously, thoroughly and impartially under the ISO Quality Management Systems aiming at redressing grievances, preventing similar complaints and bringing continual improvement in overall service quality.
CIU will endeavour to complete its investigation of a complaint within 18 weeks. For checks and balances, Correctional Services Department Complaints Committee (CSDCC), which is chaired by the Civil Secretary of CSD (a civilian staff), and has a Chaplain, the Assistant Commissioner (Quality Assurance) and other senior officers in CSD Headquarters as members, will examine the findings of CIU and decide the outcome of investigations. If CSDCC is not satisfied with the investigation outcome, it will direct CIU to re-investigate the case. CIU will notify the complainant in writing if the investigation outcome is endorsed by CSDCC.
The Correctional Services Department Complaints Appeal Board (CSDCAB) provides an appeal channel for those complainants who are dissatisfied with the investigation results of their complaints. A complainant may appeal to CSDCAB within 14 days upon receipt of the investigation results. CSDCAB will handle appeals against the findings endorsed by CSDCC and make final decision on the appeal cases. CSDCAB is chaired by Deputy Commissioner (Operations and Strategic Development) of Correctional Services and comprises non-official members from outside CSD who are familiar with the operations of CSD (including Justices of the Peace and religious persons). The independence of CSDCAB ensures that all the appeal cases are handled impartially.
All PICs newly admitted into correctional institutions will be arranged to undergo an induction programme of which the rights and channels to file grievances and complaints constitute an essential part. Besides, CSD will provide an information booklet of 28 versions in 27 languages to PICs, where the rights and channels to file a complaint are set out. Notices on the channels of complaints will be displayed at prominent places in the institutions. PICs can also learn the details of various channels to file grievances or complaints through the electronic kiosks located at different places in the institutions. Foreign PICs can also file grievances or complaints to Consulate staff members who visit the institutions. If they cannot file complaints owing to language problems, staff of the institutions will arrange suitable translators for assistance.
CSD is a well-trained, well-motivated and well-disciplined professional force. We aim to recruit persons who share our values and have the motivation in pursuing a career in correctional services. Applicants for the post of Officer are required to pass the Physical Fitness Test, Written Examination, Group Interview and Final Interview. Applicants for the post of Assistant Officer II are required to pass a Physical Fitness Test, Basic Law and National Security Law Test, Group Interview and Selection Interview. Persons who are interested in becoming correctional officers shall pay more attention to current affairs and information on CSD in preparation for interviews. They may also visit our recruitment webpage and watch the demonstration videos in preparation for the physical fitness test.
The Ethnic Minorities Relation Team was set up in August 2019 to assist non-ethnic Chinese (NEC) youths in achieving all-round development in a more systematic way as well as provide support to NEC youths who wish to join the law enforcement agencies. Since its establishment, the Team has been working closely with NEC supporting centres and schools to organise activities tailor-made for NEC youths such as recruitment talks and booths for NEC youths. In addition, the Team is committed to implementing Project Nova under which various activities, including life planning workshops, visits to the CSD’s Hong Kong Correctional Services Academy, physical fitness training classes and interview skill workshops, etc., are organised with the aim to assist NEC youths in developing positive values and planning their life paths. Moreover, face-to-face exchanges are conducted to help NEC youths tackle difficulties in job searching, so as to increase their motivation in joining the CSD, which in turn enables them to contribute to society.
Newly-recruited Officers and Assistant Officers II have to undergo 26-week and 23-week recruit training respectively at Hong Kong Correctional Services Academy with operational knowledge of CSD, national studies, Chinese-style foot drill, virtual reality training, scenario training at training facilities, tactical training and field placement at correctional institutions.
The Hong Kong Correctional Services Academy of CSD is responsible for planning and organising various training courses for serving staff, such as refresher courses, duty-related training courses, professional management training and command courses, etc. to enhance their work efficiency and facilitate their career development.